Last name origins & meanings:
- English, Scottish, and northern Irish: habitational name from any
of several places in England and Scotland, variously spelled, that are
named with Old English cald ‘cold’ + well(a) ‘spring’,
‘stream’. Caldwell in North Yorkshire is one major source of the
surname; Caldwell in Renfrewshire in Scotland another.
- Several Caldwells emigrated from Scotland to America by way of
Ireland in the 18th century. James Caldwell (1734–81), son of
settler John Caldwell, was born in Charlotte Co., VA, and was a
militant clergyman during the revolutionary war. Andrew Caldwell, a
Scottish farmer, emigrated to America in 1718 and started a family in
Lancaster Co., PA. His son David was a Presbyterian clergyman and
well-known revolutionary war patriot.
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