Last name origins & meanings:
- Chinese: the origin of this surname dates back to
the time of the legendary emperor Huang Di (2697–2595 bc).
An adviser held the surname Gonggong, comprised of two different
characters that are pronounced Gong in modern Chinese. The
first of these characters served as the basis for two later surnames:
some descendants combined the symbol for ‘water’ with that for Gong,
creating the surname Hong (see Hong 1); others added the
character for ‘dragon’, creating the surname Gong.
- Chinese: from a character meaning ‘palace’, part of
the title of an official in charge of guarding the palace. During the
Spring and Autumn period (722–481 bc), descendants of such
an official adopted Gong as their surname.
- Chinese: from the name of the state of Gong-Bo, located in Henan
province during the Zhou dynasty (1122–221 bc).
- Chinese: of uncertain origin; this character came into
use as a surname during the Spring and Autumn period (722–481
bc) in the state of Lu in present-day Shandong province.
- Chinese: from a character meaning ‘bow’. This
name originated with Hui, a grandson of the legendary emperor Huang Di
(2697–2595 bc). Hui invented bows and arrows, an
accomplishment that inspired two surnames: Gong, the character
for ‘bow’, and Zhang (see Zhang), which is composed of
the characters for ‘bow’ + ‘long’.
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