Last name origins & meanings:
- German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): nickname for a big man, from
Middle High German grōz ‘large’, ‘thick’, ‘corpulent’,
German gross. The Jewish name has been Hebraicized as
Gadol, from Hebrew gadol ‘large’.
- English: nickname for a big man, from
Middle English, Old French gros (Late Latin grossus, of
Germanic origin, thus etymologically the same word as in 1 above).
The English vocabulary word did not develop the sense ‘excessively
fat’ until the 16th century.
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