Chinese: from the honorary surname, Jin
Tianshi of Shao Hao, a son of the legendary emperor Huang Di of
the 26th century bc. The character for jin also means
‘gold’ or ‘metal’. Some later descendants of Shao Hao adopted
Jin as their surname.
Chinese: from the
name of Jin Shang, a chief official in the state of Chu during the
Zhou dynasty (1122–221 bc). Some of his descendants adopted
Chinese: from the name of the Jin
river. Wu Wang, the first king of the Zhou dynasty (1122–16
bc), granted the state of Tang to his third son. Since the
Jin river flowed through it, the name of the state was later changed
to Jin. Descendants of the third son adopted the new name of the state
name as their surname.
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