Last name origins & meanings:
- German and Jewish (Ashkenazic): metonymic occupational name for
a cutler, from Middle High German mezzer ‘knife’, from Old High
German mezzirahs, mezzisahs, a compound of maz
‘food’, ‘meat’ + sahs ‘knife’, ‘sword’. The Jewish name is from
German Messer ‘knife’ or Yiddish meser.
- German: occupational name for an official in charge of measuring
the dues paid in kind by tenants, from an agent derivative of Middle
High German mezzen ‘to measure’.
- English and Scottish: occupational name for someone who kept watch over harvested crops,
Middle English, Older Scots mess(i)er, from Old French
messier (see Messier).
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