Last name origins & meanings:
- Catalan, Spanish, and Portuguese: habitational name from Oliva
in Valencia, Santa Oliva in Girona, or possibly from any of the places
in Extremadura named La Oliva, from Latin oliva ‘olive’.
- Italian (mainly southern and Ligurian): from Latin
oliva ‘olive’; a topographic name for someone who lived by an
olive tree or grove, or a metonymic occupational name for a gatherer
or seller of olives or an extractor or seller of olive oil, or perhaps
in some cases a nickname for someone with a sallow complexion.
- German: habitational name from Oliva, a place now in Gdańsk
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