Last name origins & meanings:
- English: probably for the most part a topographic name for
someone who lived near the trunk or stump of a large tree, Middle
English stocke (Old English stocc). In some cases the
reference may be to a primitive foot-bridge over a stream consisting
of a felled tree trunk. Some early examples without prepositions may
point to a nickname for a stout, stocky man or a metonymic
occupational name for a keeper of punishment stocks.
- German: from Middle German stoc ‘tree’, ‘tree stump’, hence a
topographic name equivalent to 1, but sometimes also a nickname for an
impolite or obstinate person.
- Jewish (Ashkenazic): ornamental name from German Stock ‘stick’, ‘pole’.
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